Teaching & Learning Elementary Subjects More Effectively

This is a course of five Essential Questions and numerous links to help in developing your answers and improved practices for these questions. ALL areas of the curriculum are covered, including art, music, drama, health, phys. ed., and early childhood. Because of the number of links some are starred *1* as key sites, and you need only work in the areas of the curriculum that you teach.

This is a distance learning course, concentrating on uses of the Internet for teaching, learning and professional development. It also is intended to give you enough web sites and leads-in to more web sites to be a continuously useful resource for your learning and doing.

This is a PASS/FAIL course. Therefore, SELECT and BASE YOUR WORK on those areas that best match your current interests. You can return any time to areas that match future concerns and changing interests--one of the many advantages of on-line learning

Assessment is based on work you produce in series of essays/listings for each Essential Question or topic you "connect with," and with an annotated lists of sites supporting your views and reflecting your web work. Note the Rubric for Course Portfolio Assessment.

For instance, you might write “The site XXXX [http://www.xxx.com] gave me a different perspective on how to help students learn _____. It also cleared up for me something I was confused about, and that is what educators mean by __________.” Certainly you would want to elaborate more.

This work may be emailed to me at ozpk100@aol.com, or snail-mailed to me at Chad C. Osborne 923 W. Mission St., Santa Barbara, CA 93101. If you email the work, you may wish to put it in a Zip file, which compresses text and makes it easier to send over the 'Net.

For any questions you have, e-mail me at ozpk100@aol.com.



Essential Question 1: Based on links from the sites below, what ideas and resources might enable me to help my students develop their language arts more effectively?

  1. *1*Ready, Get Set, Write! -- A fabulous site from ThinkQuest Junior! A comprehensive reading and writing resource ... check out the writing center for "soup to nuts" assistance with writing!
  2. *1*Writing is Fun! -- A fabulous site from ThinkQuest Junior! Learn the basics of writing stories, and get hints from kids and teachers on how to make writing exciting and fun!
  3. The Young Writers' Club -- The place for young writers on the Web! Short story contests, film reviews, and dozens of other writing activities for writers of ages 6 to 14. Submit your original work for publication on the Web!
  4. Young Writers at the Inkspot -- An online newsletter and publication resource for young authors! Communicate with other kids and published authors, and check out a variety of writing activities!

    Scholastic Series on Writing Across Genres for Kids:

  5. Book Reviews (with Rodman Philbrick)
  6. Biography Writing (with Patricia and Fred McKissack)
  7. Diary Writing with (Virginia Hamilton)
  8. Folk Tale Writing (with Alma Flor Ada)
  9. Mystery Writing (with Joan Lowery Nixon)
  10. Myth Writing (with Jane Yolen)
  11. Poetry Writing (with Jack Prelutsky)
  12. Poetry Writing (with Karla Kuskin)
  13. Ohio Grade 4 Writing Proficiency Test -- Check out this great sample test from Ohio ... it includes reading samples, and a list of hints to make your writing better!

    COMPOSITION - Selection of Genre

  14. *1*Alphabet Superhighway -- Check out the "Writing Center" at this site for a great collection of tutorials and activities geared toward helping young writers! Topics include "pre-writing" skills (Blind Writing, Brainstorming, Outlining, Research) that will assist students in getting started with essays, compositions and creative writing projects!
  15. Millennium Mystery Madness -- A tremendous ("Gold Medal" Award Winner!) site from ThinkQuest Junior! From the student-developed site: "you are going to see and find facts from the early years of mystery to present day, year 2000. We'll take a look at how a mystery was formed, what should go into a mystery, and who wrote the first mystery. Then play some games to test your knowledge."
  16. The Biography Machine -- A fun site that helps students construct a biography - step-by-step!
  17. The Art of Storytelling -- A great ThinkQuest site that teaches about the craft of storytelling. From the site: "You will find stories to tell, information and tips for all ages, how to have a Storytelling Festival, activities to print, and a lot more!"

    COMPOSITION - Organization, Editing and Proofreading



    *1* BBC English Learning Page - Reading Comprehension -- From the fabulous BBC, a series of great pages with helpful tips on how to read for better understanding! Pages include:
  1. Reading Fiction -- Characters, Vocabulary, Imagery, Sentence Structure.
  2. Reading Nonfiction -- Structure, Sentence Structure, Fact & Opinion, Persuasive Language
  3. Study Hall - Faster Reading -- A discussion of several reading strategies. From the site: "The purpose of this section is to teach you how to increase your reading speed. Shortly we will be adding a section for reading BETTER as opposed to FASTER."
  4. Read Better, Faster -- An article that reviews strategies for more efficient reading!
  5. Reading to Learn -- This online article reviews some handy strategies for reading and studying!
  6. Phonics Rules -- An online guide to phonics, syllables, and pronunciation!


  7. Learning to Read - A one-stop site with links on most aspects of reading
  8. Short Answer Questions - Interpreting Fiction and Essays -- This fabulous site provides reading samples, each with a series of practice short-answer questions! Also included is a Rubric Assessment Scale, so students and educators can evaluate performance! The site is intended for students in grades 5-6, but the exercises may be helpful to more advanced students as well!

    Writing Samples Include...

  9. The Stare of the Cat
  10. Short-Answer Questions
  11. Rosa Parks
  12. Short-Answer Questions -- Also included is the rubric scoring scale...
  13. Reading Comprehension Scoring Table
  14. Reading Skills Help Online: -- An incredibly comprehensive resource for students who need help with reading comprehension skills! Choose from five levels of difficulty, and receive dozens of practice exercises! Reading samples are provided, as well as online self-tests, vocabulary exercises, writing exercises, and other games and activities to improve reading skills! A must see!
  15. English Zone Reading Activities -- Check out these great interactive online reading activities! Dozens of online reading samples with quiz questions! A great place to develop reading comprehension and test-taking skills.
  16. Reading Comprehension Exercise -- Check out this online self-test that assesses your reading comprehension skills!
  17. Reading Comprehension Worksheets -- Lots of printable worksheets with reading comprehension activities! From the site: "Featuring all new free weekly reading comprehension worksheets for teachers and parents to copy for their kids. They include original stories, poems, essays, and articles. They're most appropriate for upper elementary through middle school years."
  18. Reading Rate Exercise -- Test your rate of reading! Use the online timers while you read passages from "The Velveteen Rabbit."


  19. *1*Young Adults' Authors and Illustrators -- If you need a biography of an author of young adults' books - you've come to the right place! Hundreds of indexed links! Check it out!
  20. Great Writers -- An enormous set of links to biographical information and homepages for hundreds of classic and contemporary authors!
  21. Authors Links -- A collection of links to biographical information on over 100 authors!

    Authors and Works from Diverse Backgrounds

  22. African American Literature -- From WorldBook Online, this special collection explores "literature written by black Americans of African descent. Its themes include the exploration of black identity, the condemnation of racism, and the celebration of the unique aspects of African American culture."
  23. Asian-American Literature -- From the site: "This site's purpose is to provide an overall introduction to the large and vast world of Asian American literature. By browsing these pages, you will begin to get a sense of the major accomplishments of Asian American writers." The site includes modules on China, Japan, the Phillipines, and several relevant topics!
  24. Native American Authors -- "This website provides information on Native North American authors with bibliographies of their published works, biographical information, and links to online resources including interviews, online texts and tribal websites." A well-organized, informative site that can be browsed by Author, Work, or Tribe.
  25. Hispanic Heritage
    Black History Month

    Women's History Month -- From the Gale Publishing Group, three incredible sites that provide historical and cultural background information to help students understand literature in cultural context. The sites feature biographies, timelines,a nd multimedia activities!
  26. Voices in the Gaps - Women Writers of Color -- An index of information on women writers of color. Authors include Maya Angelou, Angela Davis, Toni Morrison, Amy Tan, and dozens of others!
  27. A Celebration of Women Writers -- A huge collection of resources on women writers worldwide!
  28. Women and Literature -- This site features brief biographies of the following women authors: Louisa May Alcott, Maya Angelou, Jane Austen, Elizabeth Bishop, Emily Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Willa Cather, Emily Dickinson, Edna St.Vincent Millay, Karoline von Günderrode, Carson McCullers, Marge Piercy, Sylvia Plath, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Virginia Woolf.
  29. Women Writers from Mexico -- A series of links to biographical information on women writers from Mexico.


  30. Writing about Poetry on an Exam -- Wow! A super site from the BBC that guides you step-by-step through answering exam questions about poems! The site covers the following topics: Exam questions (key words and phrases), Getting to know the poem (subject matter, language, sound, form), Personal response: developing a viewpoint (Ideas and attitudes, tone), Illustration (using quotations), Checklist (how to read a poem).
  31. Poetry Profile -- A great ThinkQuest site that provides the full texts of dozens of poems, plus brief interpretations of each poem!
  32. Poetry for Kids -- An online guide to basic poetic techniques for young writers! Topics include How to rhyme, Types of Rhyme Schemes, and other poetic devices!
  33. Glossary of Poetic Terms -- A great reference site for young poets! Includes the following features: Phonetic pronunciation, Cross references, Broad range of definitions, Numerous examples, Hyper-linked keywords, Poetic quotations, Writers' guidelines.
  34. Cinquains and Diamantes -- From the site: "Cinquains have a definite number of words or syllables on each of its five lines and a purpose, or formula for each line … A diamante is a seven line poem displayed in a diamond pattern." Learn much more about these poetic styles at this site!
  35. A Time for Rhyme -- A fun guide to planning and writing poems!
  36. Poet Pages -- From the site: "I've collected Internet information relating to 159 poets, for 11 of whom I've created my own pages, and for the rest of whom a large index page, 'Poet Links', which adds some new entries each month; also I've created a page of related links." An excellent resource for information on poets!
  37. Periodic Table of Poetry -- Perhaps the strangest poetry site on the Web … click on an element in the periodic table, and see a poem … no, really, I'm serious!
  38. *1* Why Poetry What -- An interesting site developed by an eighth grade student. Check out all sorts of internet poetry resources, and follow along with the suggested activities for each lesson!


  39. Legends -- From the site: "This is Legends, a personal journey through the worlds of Robin Hood, King Arthur, D'Artagnan, and other swashbuckling characters of balladry, fiction, and film, from the shores of Avalon to the dungeons of Zenda." Read about mythical and legendary characters here!
  40. Unseen Creatures of Myth and Legend -- From ThinkQuest, this site provides a fanciful overview of several "unseen creatures" - including the Loch Ness Monster, Bigfoot, faries, and several others!
  41. Campfire Stories -- This collection of stories includes folktales from many Native American groups.


  42. Bibliomania -- Your source for classic literary works online! This site has huge indexes of online versions of Reference Texts, Fiction, Nonfiction, Poetry, and the Complete Works of Shakespeare!
  43. Student's History of American Literature -- An excellent reference for students who want to know how American Literature has evolved since the early 1600's!
  44. Young Adult Literature -- A collection of online book anthologies and other internet resources for young adult readers. Categories include: African American History & Literature, Asian American History & Literature, American Literature, Authors WWW Pages, Biography & Autobiography … plus dozens of others!
  45. Organization For Community Networks Electronic Bookshelf -- Dozens of online books intended for young adult readers!
  46. Classics for Young People -- From the site: "A growing number of children's literature classics are out of copyright, and are among the books available in full-text on the Internet. Here are some of the more popular and interesting titles that are available in HTML format."
  47. Gargoyles, Angels and Shadows -- An online anthology of several short stories! Authors include Kipling, Dickens, Saki, and Lewis Carroll!




Essential Question 2: Based on links from the sites below, what ideas and resources might enable me to help my students learn social studies more effectively?

  1. *1*Teaching Social Studies K-6 With the Internet -- Some great sites from Classroom Connect.
  2. *1*American Indian Kids - History for Our Youth -- A tremendous collection of resources on Native American history and heritage for kids!
  3. Cherokee Indians - ThinkQuest -- From ThinkQuest Jr., a great site on Cherokee history and traditions. Topics covered include: Ceremonies, Technical Geography, Sequoyah, Cherokee Food, Gold Fever, Housing, Government, Cherokee Rose, Fun Facts, Games, English, Clans, Oklahoma, Deaths, War, Moving, Traditions, Bibliography, Legends.
  4. Smithsonian - National Museum of the American Indian -- An amazing collection of resources on the history of Native Americans. The site might be a bit complex for younger students, but with some guidance, any student of any age can benefit from visiting this online museum!!
  5. *1*Explorers in the New World -- Another great student-developed site from ThinkQuest Jr.! This site traces European exploration in the "New World", with lessons on Why Explorers Explored the World, an Explorer Timeline, Games, and an "Explorers' Log Book"
  6. Virtual Tour of Plimoth Plantation -- Take a tour of Plimoth Plantation! From the site: "Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation was the first permanent European settlement in southern New England (AD 1620). Today, this area is the site of a living museum, dedicated to recreating 17th - century lifeways in the New World."
  7. An American Thanksgiving -- Check out this great site, which features a wealth of activities and stories for children on the Pilgrims, Native Americans, the First Thanksgiving, and historical Thanksgivings. The site includes information on The Mayflower Compact 1620, The Peace Treaty with Massasoit 1621, and The First Thanksgiving Proclamation.
  8. Early Colonial Life -- A series of projects on early life in New England, Middle, and Southern colonies, all completed by 5th Grade students!
  9. Roger Williams -- A brief biographical profile with a profile image.
  10. Anne Hutchinson -- A brief biographical profile
  11. The Real Pocahontas -- A lively biography of Pocahontas. Includes a small Pocahontas "family tree" of some ancestors and descendants. From the site: " Matoaka was the beautiful and lively daughter of Powhatan, ruler of the land that the English named Virginia. "Pocahontas" was her childhood nickname, translated as "little wanton," which is a short way to say, "child whom you can never find because she's out playing somewhere." Pocahontas may have helped saved the struggling Jamestown colony from extinction..."
  12. *1*Colonial Life -- Dozens of great links to Colonial History pages for young students!
  13. The Jamestown Gazette -- From the fabulous ThinkQuest Jr., this site includes a History of Jamestown Fort, an Online Study Guide, a "Trivia Quiz" and an "Interactive Jamestown Fort."
  14. Colonial Kids -- A creative site from ThinkQuest Junior that simulates life in a Colonial Village in the 1700's!


Essential Question 3: Based on links from the sites below, what ideas and resources might enable me to help my students learn SCIENCE more effectively?


  1. *1*Evolution
  2. Tour of the Human Body -- This great ThinkQuest Jr. site takes you for a tour of the following human body systems: Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Digestive, Respiratory, Circulatory, Urinary.
  3. *1*Kids Health -- At this site, kids can find out how the body works! Learn about your bones, muscles, organs and body systems, and find out the facts on illnesses and injuries!
  4. A Look Inside the Human Body -- From the site: "At this site you can take a closer look at the major systems of the Human Body and how they work. This information was designed to be used in conjunction with a Science unit for Year 3 and 4 on the Human Body."
  5. *1*BBC - Kids Body Guide -- Several interactive lessons on the following topics: eyes, eating & digestion, brain, breathing, teeth, heart, bones, blood, hair, food, muscles, skin, waste disposal, ears.
  6. *1*The Heart -- An online exploration through the heart! Lots of great images!
  7. What Does Smoking Do to Your Lungs? -- Find out the effects of cigarette smoking on young people from the Center for Disease Control.
  8. Optical Illusions -- This site really doesn't fit in any curriculum category … but it's just too cool to leave off of this list! A fabulous gallery of amazing illusions!

  9. Plants -- This fabulous encyclopedia for kids has a great introduction to the world of plants! Click on the links for further lessons on the following topics: Seeds & Fruits, Garden & Wild Flowers, Trees, Mosses & Ferns, Fungi, Algae, Plants for food.
  10. Plants! -- From the site: "Plants are one of the major kingdoms of living things. Plants are important to us as they provide us with food, clothing, shelter, medicines, even the air we breathe! This website contains information, quizzes, links and activities on plants."
  11. Top Crops! -- A fun online game from the U.S. Government (believe it or not!). Click on a crop - peaches, lettuce, corn, grapes, soybeans, mushrooms, apples, bananas, potatoes, oranges - and get a fact sheet. Then answer the trivia questions about each crop!
  12. Why do Plants Have Flowers? -- A great introduction to the life cycle of plants!
  13. Plants and Our Environment -- From the site: This web site is about plants. You will learn about how plants grow and the different parts of a plant. We will tell you how seeds travel and what bees do to help plants. At our web site, you will also learn about plants and their relationship with animals. Students and teachers, be sure to check out our page with plant activities."
  14. All About Plants -- A great site where young (K-2) students can learn about plants! From the site: "This website is designed to help you learn about plants. Please click on one of the flowers, leaves, or seeds below.".
  15. USDA - Plant Stories -- A series of entertaining lessons on plants, including: Plant to Human: "Hands Off, Buster!", The Plant Hunters..., Plants Fight Off Foreign Invaders, Cracking Nature's Color-Code for Flowers.


    General Information . . .
  16. Animal Omnibus -- An incredible site that provides hundreds of links to information and pictures for hundreds of species of Amphibians, Arthropods, Birds, Dinosaurs, Fishes, Mammals, Mollusks, Reptiles. You can also search the site for any specific animal!
  17. Kratt's Creature World -- This site features a "clickable map" of the world … point and click on a continent to explore its many "creatures"!
  18. Animal Bytes -- Fast facts from Sea World/Busch Gardens about dozens of species of Birds, Mammals, Insects, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish and Invertebrates!
  19. San Diego Zoo Online - Kids Territory -- From the site: "How does a flamingo eat its food? What does a giant panda eat? Why does one type of cobra spit? Here are some interesting facts and descriptions on some of the animals you can see at the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Wild Animal Park."
  20. Journey North -- An online project where schoolchildren help track the migratory progress of a dozen migratory species!
  21. *1*Cells for Kids -- A beautifully illustrated introduction to cells! Learn the differences between plant and animal cells!
  22. Cells -- From the site: "Life Science is full of fun and learning. We get to dissect worms, and we also get to learn all about cells! Click on some of the projects below to see examples and to see descriptions of the assignments: Cell Structure, Mitosis and Meiosis, Animal cells, Plant cells, Cell Processes, Diffusion, Osmosis, Active Transport, Virus Reproduction, Plasmolysis, Cross Section of a plant
  23. The Cell -- From the site: "The cell is one of the most basic units of life. There are millions of different types of cells. There are cells that are organisms unto themselves, such as microscopic amoeba and bacteria cells." Learn more at this site!


  1. EARTH SCIENCE - Kids Only (NASA) -- A phenomenal site! NASA provides interactive activities, games and lessons about air, land, water, and natural hazards. "One-stop shopping" for Earth Science for Kids!

    Evolution of Earth's Materials
  2. *1*DINOSAURS! -- Part of the amazing "Zoom School" site, these pages take you through a great introduction to fossils: First Dino Fossil Discoveries, What are Fossils? How Fossils Form, Types of Fossils, Finding Fossils, Dating Fossils, Excavating Fossils, Famous Fossil Hunters, Fossil Locations Worldwide.
  3. What is a Fossil? -- This site answers basic questions about fossils and how they formed, and provides tips and hints for avid fossil collectors.
  4. *1*Fossils! -- From the Royal Ontario Museum, a super site that explains fossil formation, how they are used by scientists, and how they are collected! Includes an online fossil game!
  5. Finding Fossils -- A great introduction to fossils and how to find them! Several pages of information on fossils in museums and in nature.
  6. Plant Fossils of West Virginia -- Great galleries of plant fossils - Articulates, Lycopods, Cordaites and Ferns!

    Rocks and their Properties
  7. *1*Get Ready to Rock! -- This tremendous ThinkQuest Jr. site has tons of information and activities on rocks of all kinds! Topics include: Igneous, Sedimentary & Metamorphic Rocks, The Rock Cycle, Crystals, Birthstones, Hardness, Gems, Rock Uses.
  8. *1*Rocks and Minerals for Kids -- A great introduction to rocks and minerals for elementary students! Topics include: Rocks, Minerals, Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Volcanoes, Birthstones
  9. Rocks and Minerals -- A great introduction to the basics of rocks and minerals, from the University of Kansas!
  10. Mineral Gallery -- An enormous collection of mineral information and images!
  11. Rock and Mineral Slide Shows -- A series of slide shows (with great pictures!) on the following types of rocks and minerals: General, Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic. Soil
  12. Soils - Kapili.com -- Soil is much more than just dirt. It is the result of the breakdown of rocks. The breakdown is both physical and chemical. Soil is mainly something scientists call REGOLITH. Regolith is sandwiched between the BEDROCK (the rock that makes up the continents) and the actual loose soil (the top stuff at the surface).
  13. Soil Science for Kids -- From the USDA, some great lessons on soil for kids: Hey! Don't Throw That Out (Recycle it)!, Careful! Earthworms Under Foot, Like Teenage "Head Bangers" Some Plants Like Heavy Metal Too!

    Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  14. Volcano World
  15. Volcano World - Kids' Entry Door -- An amazing site that takes you around the world of volcanoes. If it's about volcanoes, it's probably here!
  16. FEMA for Kids - Volcanoes -- From the site: "A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock below the surface of the earth. When pressure builds up, eruptions occur. Gases and rock shoot up through the opening and spill over or fill the air with lava fragments." Learn much more about volcanoes at this site!
  17. Volcanoes -- From the site: "Today, there are many active volcanoes worldwide. Is there anything we can do to predict how and when they will erupt? As the world's population grows, more and more people are living in potentially dangerous volcanic areas. Volcanic eruptions continue--as they have throughout history--posing ever-greater threats to life and property." Learn much more about this topic at this site!
  18. Earthquakes - for Kids -- From the USGS, a great page full of information and activities about earthquakes!
  19. ABC Earthquakes! -- A fabulous site designed for very young (Grades prek-1) students and their teachers/families. This site features an interactive children's book designed to explain earthquakes to young kids!!
  20. California Earthquake Info -- From the site: "An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the earth caused by the release of energy stored in rocks. Earthquakes are detected every day in California by sensitive instruments called seismographs. Very few of these earthquakes are big enough to be felt by people, and even fewer are big enough to cause damage."
  21. Earthquake Quiz and Q&A -- Take an interactive quiz about earthquakes!
  22. Earthquakes - Earthforce in the Crust -- An explanation of the role of the Earth's crust in earthquakes, and several links to key earthquake sites!
  23. Earthquakes - Earthforce in the Core -- An explanation of the role of the Earth's crust in earthquakes, and several links to key earthquake sites!
  24. Earthquakes - Earthforce in the Water -- An explanation of the role of water in earthquakes, and several links to key earthquake sites!

  25. How The Weather Works -- From USA Today, a comprehensive introduction to all things Weather! Some of the material is intended for advanced learners, but most of the lessons are an easy read for students of all ages!
  26. *1*Weather Eye - Cadets! -- Designed for students in Grades 2-8, this site has dozens of lessons and activities designed to teach kids all about weather!
  27. Wild, Wild Weather -- From the site: "Hi, I'm NEWSCHANNEL 19's, Chief Meteorologist Dan Satterfield. WELCOME to my WILD WILD WEATHER PAGE.
    I've put these pages together for Kids between 6 and 16 years old." Check out great lessons on clouds, radar, tornadoes, lightning, precipitation, humidity, satellites, temperature, forecasting, wind, climate.
  28. Web Weather for Kids -- From the site: "try these simple "do-at-home" experiments to learn what thunderstorms are all about."
  29. The Weather Underground -- A top-quality site from the University of Michigan … it features interactive weather maps, and mounds of educational material about weather and climate!
  30. *1*Weather Basics -- An interactive weather textbook for kids - from national meteorologist Nick Walker ("The Weather Dude").
  31. RADAR -- Learn how meteorologists use RADAR to make forecasts! Storms and Lightning
  32. *1*Disasters: Kids' Page - FEMA -- Wow! What a great site - lots of activities, games and lessons for kids to learn about hurricanes tornadoes, tsunamis, floods, thunderstorms, volcanoes, earthquakes, wildfires, and winter storms! One of the best kids sites on the web!.
  33. Severe Weather with Owlie Skywarm -- From the site: "I'm the official mascot of the National Weather Service (NOAA) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). I teach about the hazards of severe weather which include tornadoes, lightning, hurricanes, flash floods and winter storms."
  34. What Happens When a Storm Comes? -- Check out this super site, which has explanations of storms and related phenomena - for kids!
  35. Lightning - Franklin Institute -- An explanation of lightning and its history geared toward young learners!
  36. *1*Lightning - NASA -- From NASA, a thorough study of lightning and its history! The text is intended for middle-school students, but this site is a great "guided read" for younger students with their teachers!
  37. Lightning Safety for Kids -- A nice collection of information on lightning, how to stay safe in a lightning storm, and how to learn more about lightning.
  38. Lightning Images -- Some stunning images of lightning strikes!
  39. Hurricanes - Miami Museum -- A great site, with lots of information and kids' activities on hurricanes and killer storms!
  40. Hurricane Harry - Environment Canada -- Follow "Hurricane Harry" for a fun tour that explains the makings of a hurricane!
  41. Hurricanes -- Great explanation of Hurricanes from the Franklin Institute!
  42. Tornadoes -- Great explanation of Tornadoes from the Franklin Institute!
  43. Tornado Images
  44. Thundershowers
  45. Severe Thundershowers -- Great explanation of thunderstorms from the Franklin Institute!
  46. Winter Storms -- A super page about Winter storms, from Scholastic!

    Weather Phenomena
  47. Clear Days -- Sometimes the weather forecast is bright and sunny! Find out what's happening on clear weather days!
  48. Cold Fronts -- Find out about Cold Fronts from the Franklin Institute!
  49. Fog -- A brief explanation of fog from the Franklin Institute.
  50. Brief Rain Showers
  51. Rain -- An explanation of what causes rain, and brief rain showers!
  52. Snow -- Find out what causes Snow!
  53. Kids - Clouds -- Definitions of different cloud types, and lots of pictures!
  54. Cloud Guide -- Learn about the different types of clouds! View images of clouds of all different types!

  55. Air Masses -- Although geared for students in grades 6 and up, this is an excellent summary of air masses and their movement!
  56. Cold Fronts -- Find out about Cold Fronts from the Franklin Institute!
  57. El Nino -- Find out about what happens when hot air is over hot water!
  58. Hurricanes -- Great explanation of Hurricanes from the Franklin Institute!

  59. *1*Climate Change -- A fabulous slide show that teaches students about the earth's atmosphere and how climates change!
  60. *1*Oceans and Climate -- A guided tour of the Earth from Toppy the Satellite! Toppy describes how the oceans affect climates worldwide!
  61. *1*Beginner's Guide to Climate Change -- From the site: "These stories tell of huge shifts in climate. Climate is the average of the weather - the sunshine, how much it rains, the temperature, how windy it is. Earth's climate changes naturally, and human beings adapt so that they can live. We all live in different circumstances, and we adapt to fit our environment"
  62. Global Warming - Kids' Page -- From the Environmental Protection Agency, a great series of activities and lessons about global warming. Includes a section on "Climate and Weather."
  63. Global Warming and Climate Change -- From the site: "Climate is a sort of huge 'machine'. What's called 'weather' is just a small bit of this machine which you and I notice: you know, a tornado, a blizzard, a hurricane, very hot weather or very cold weather. And I bet you know what drives this machine, don't you? Yes, it's the sun. Without the sun, there would be no climate, no weather, no people, no penguins, no life." Click here to learn more!
  64. Ecosystems of our World -- Lots of information on the features of the following biomes: Mountains (High Elevation), Tundra, Temperate Forest, Marine/Island Desert, Tropical Dry Forest, Cold Climate Forest, Grassland, Savannah, Tropical Rainforest.
  65. Tour of the Biomes -- A guided tour of the following biomes: Tropical rain forest, Tropical Savannah, Mid-Latitude Deciduous forest, Desert, Subarctic Taiga, and Polar Tundra. Click on a red dot from the map of the world to see the corresponding biome!

  66. Water Science for Schools -- From the U.S. Geological Survey, the best site on the 'Net to find out about Water! Topics include: Earth's water, Water basics, Water use, Water Q&A, Special topics. The site also includes an Activity center and Picture gallery!
  67. The Water Cycle -- Geared specifically to Grade 4 students, this site features a nice explanation of the water cycle, accompanied by great graphics!
  68. *1*EPA Guide to Groundwater for Kids -- A fabulous collection of online lessons, experiments, games and other resources for kids to find out about groundwater!
  69. Water Slide Show -- A nice slideshow about the increasing demands on Earth's water supply.
  70. American Rivers - Kids' Corner -- Learn all about rivers, and the animals you will find in them!
  71. Streams -- Find out how a stream functions! Lots of great images and artwork!
  72. Water Treatment Plants -- Find out what happens in a municipal water treatment plant (just what are you drinking, anyway?). This site, developed by a treatment plant in Virginia, features lots of definitions of water treatment terms (just click on the term for a glossary definition!).
  73. Sources of Water Pollution -- A handy table listing the major sources of water pollution!
  74. Massachusetts River Restore Program -- Information on Massachusetts' efforts to restore several rivers throughout the state!


  1. *1*Kids Did This in Science!

  2. Middle School Science Links

  3. Newton's Apple

  4. *1*The Yuckiest Site on the Internet

  5. What Is Water

  6. Energy Quest

  7. Astronomy for Kids: Constellations

  8. BrainPop! Health, Science and Technology for Kids

  9. *1*How Stuff Works

  10. The Science Spiders

  11. Geo Mysteries

  12. Motivating Science Learners Through Applied Technology and Engineering

  13. Projects and Investigations

  14. Problems, Puzzlers, and Games

  15. Scientists/Inventors


Essential Question 4: Based on links from the sites below, what ideas and resources might enable me to help my students learn MATH more effectively?

  1. *1*Integers -- A great set of Online Lessons: Positive and negative integers, The number line, Absolute value of an integer, Adding integers, Subtracting integers, Multiplying integers, Dividing integers, Integer coordinates, Comparing integers.
  2. *1*Positive and Negative Numbers -- On-line lesson that covers the following concepts with positive and negative numbers: About positive and negative numbers, The number line, Absolute value of positive and negative numbers, Adding positive and negative numbers, Subtracting positive and negative numbers, Multiplying positive and negative numbers, Dividing positive and negative numbers, Coordinate, Comparing positive and negative numbers, Reciprocals of negative numbers. Whew!
  3. Dividing Whole Numbers with Remainders --A brief lesson on how to perform division operations involving remainders.
  4. Whole Numbers and their Properties -- On-line lesson that covers the basics of whole numbers, including place value, ordering, rounding and divisibility. Also covers the following properties of whole numbers: commutative, associative, zero property, multiplicative, and order of operations.


  1. *1*Problem Solving Strategies -- A great page to learn how to approach problems. Gives lots of strategies and a step-by-step framework of approach!
  2. Working Backwards -- An answer to a student question regarding the problem-solving strategy of "working backwards" to find the answer!
  3. *1*Elementary Math Problem of the Week -- Each week the good folks at Swarthmore post a challenging problem, and invite students to submit their solutions! Students must use critical thinking skills and select appropriate operations to solve these ... complete with over three years worth of problems in the Archives, so you will never run out of fun problems to solve!


  1. *1*BBC - Math Games for Young Students -- The best site on the web for math games for preK-2! Counting, place value and basic operations games from the "Little Animals Activity Center"!!
  2. *1*BBC - Maths File Games -- You'll need the Shockwave plug-in to play these great games from BBC education! Choose from a dozen different games!
  3. *1*Math Quizzes -- Check out these interactive quizzes! Students are given multiple choice math questions on the topic of their choice (topics include Whole Numbers, Fractions, Decimals, Ratio, Percent, Units of Measurement, Metric System, Rational Numbers, Geometry, Algebra) and can select specialty problems within each topic! After submitting an answer, students receive automated feedback, and the site keeps a "scorecard" of the problems completed!
  4. Arithmetic Drills -- A handy applet for practicing math skills. This applet will continuously present new addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, and you can select numbers, word problems, or Roman Numerals! The applet will time you and record how accurate your responses are.
  5. *1*ArithmAttack! -- A great on-line interactive drill! See how many arithmetic problems you can solve accurately within 2 minutes! Select whether you want to add, subtract, multiply or divide!
  6. *1*Math Flashcards -- Create your own set of flashcards for addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division! Choose how easy or difficult you want the problems to be! Choose how many problems you want, and you can have your flashcard sessions timed! Division problems include fractions and decimals.
  7. Arithmetic Flashcards -- Choose the type of problem you want (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) and the level of difficulty - then get a series of interactive flashcards with math problems!
  8. Money Flashcards -- Count the money on every page!


  1. Multiplication Maze -- Move around the maze and defeat the dragon ... by answering multiplication and division questions! Choose how long you have to navigate the maze, and how hard the questions are. Make sure your computer has the ShockWave® Plug-In before you play!
  2. *1*Soccer Shootout -- Fun from funbrain.com! Light up the scoreboard by answering questions in addition, subtraction, division and multiplication! "Score and Save by correctly answering math problems. First you shoot, then try to save the shot by FunBrain."
  3. *1*Disaster Math! -- Solve these word problems that are related to disasters - earthquakes, hurricanes and floods!
  4. MathCats Math Games -- Some math matching games from the MathCats! "You'll match cats who look the same or who have the same value. With a little thinking and planning, you can put all of the cats into one long line! This game is for grade 3 and up."
  5. Victoria Search
  6. Stanley Park Chase -- Created by students at Willowbrook Elementary School, you will learn all about various places in Canada as you answer math problems!
  7. Math Grid Challenge - Shockwave -- You begin with 16 numbers on a grid ... answer the math questions (multiplication, division, addition, subtraction) by clicking on the right grid number. Sounds easy, but you have to beat the clock! Make sure your computer has the Shockwave® plug-in before playing.
  8. *1*Power Football -- Fun from funbrain.com! Score a touchdown by answering questions in addition, subtraction, division and multiplication! Choose between using algebraic or non-algebraic equations. Choose between four levels of difficulty. Hike!
  9. Change Maker -- Fun from funbrain.com! Earn cash by making change at this interactive cash register! Choose between 4 levels of difficulty.
  10. Batter Up! Math Baseball -- A great interactive game that requires the "Flash" plug-in. Answer math questions - easy ones will get you a single, hard ones a Home Run! Beware the banner ads on this site!!
  11. *1*Eleven Times -- From the site: "Eleven Times is a fun game that teaches how to quickly multiply two-digit numbers by eleven. First, you'll learn how the trick works by watching step-by-step examples. When you are confident in your new knowledge, test your skill and speed using the Eleven Times Challenge!"


    Each of the following links leads to a fun worksheet of problems based on kids stories! Kids will need to add, subtract, multiply, divide, and make equations from word problems.
  1. Solutions to all Problems -- Worksheets
  2. Three Little Pigs
  3. The Five Little Pumpkins
  4. Franklin and Thunderstorm
  5. Three Little Kittens
  6. Witch of Willoughby Wood
  7. Nursery Rhymes
  8. Pokemon -- More worksheets from mathstories.com ... these are for help with addition and subtraction.
  9. Solutions to all Problems -- Worksheets:
  10. #1,
  11. #2,
  12. #3,
  13. #4 -- More worksheets from mathstories.com ... these are for help with multiplication:
  14. Solutions to all Problems -- Worksheets:
  15. #1,
  16. #2,
  17. #3,
  18. #4,
  19. #5,
  20. #6,
  21. #7,
  22. #8
  23. MathStories -- More worksheets from mathstories.com ... these are for help with division
  24. Solutions to all Problems -- Worksheets:
  25. #1,
  26. #2,
  27. #3,
  28. #4,
  29. #5,
  30. #6,
  31. #7,
  32. #8,
  33. #9,
  34. #10,
  35. #11
  36. Multiplication Worksheet -- Handy site that allows you to create your own worksheets for solving multiplication problems!
  37. Math Tables -- Create your own drill sheet for addition, subtraction or multiplication online! This page will give you up to 100 problems of the type you choose, and record your accuracy and the time it took you to complete the drill.


    1. Pocket Calculator Applet -- A handy pocket calculator you can use any time you get stuck!
    2. Simple Calculator -- A simple web-based calculator.


    In-Sites for Teaching Mathematics -- Includes teaching *1*Probability and *1*Part/Whole relationships


Essential Question 5: Based on links from the sites below, what ideas and resources might enable me to help my students learn OTHER SUBJECTS more effectively?

  1. *1*USING THE ARTS IN TEACHING & LEARNING -- Early exposure to the creative arts can help children develop socially and emotionally, and improve reading ability and school performance. This site include links in art, music and drama!
  2. K-7 Physical Education Resources
  3. Elementary P.E.
  4. Health Education
  5. Making Inclusion Work Great range of sites
  6. In-Sites for Early Childhood education
  7. Integrated Curriculum
  8. *1*Working Hand in Hand to Educate Children: Tips for Parents, Families and Teachers
  9. *1*School, Family, and Community Partnerships
  10. *1*Free Translation.com -- Communicate with Spanish-speaking parents with the aid of this amazing site!